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Nuremberg Jetons

The Jeton Types

The jetons illustrated below are examples of those that are most commonly found in Britain. For each type, there are usually many minor design variations (varieties), and reverses and obverses are sometimes paired in ‘non-standard’ combinations. The most common type, by far, is the Rose / Orb jeton, which probably accounts for well over half the total number of Nuremberg jetons found. In addition to those shown, there are many allegorical and biblical jetons, but the legends and types are so variable that generalised descriptions are not possible. The date ranges shown for the illustrated types are very approximate.

Four Lis in a Lozenge (c. 1480-1500)

Obv. Four fleurs-de-lis in a lozenge

Rev. (a) Ornate cross of various forms

Rev. (b) Small French shield charged with three lis, all within a four-arched tressure

Rev. (c) Large French shield charged with three lis

Makers include:

Anonymous

Ship Penny (c. 1490-1610s)

Obv. Profile view of a sailing ship

Rev. Four fleurs-de-lis in a lozenge

Makers include:

Anonymous, Georg Schultes, Hans Schultes I, Hans Schultes II, Hans Schultes III, Damianus  Krauwinckel, Kilian Koch, Hans Krauwinckel I

French Shield (c. 1500-1580s)

Obv. Shield of France with three fleurs-de-lis, surmounted by crown

Rev. (a) Imperial orb within a tressure of three arches and three angles

Rev. {b) Triple-stranded cross fleuretty

Makers include:

Anonymous, Hans Schultes I, Hans Schultes II, Damianus  Krauwinckel

Lion of Saint Mark (c. 1500-1580s)

Obv. Winged Lion of St. Mark, holding Book of Gospels in forepaw

Rev. Imperial orb within a tressure of three arches and three angles

Makers include:

Anonymous, Georg Schultes, Hans Schultes I, Hans Schultes II, Damianus  Krauwinckel, Egidius Krauwinckel, Hans Krauwinckel I

Rose / Orb (c. 1500-mid 17th century)

Obv. Three crowns, alternately with three lis, arranged around a central rose

Rev. Imperial orb within a tressure of three arches and three angles

Makers include:

Anonymous, Georg Schultes, Hans Schultes I, Hans Schultes II, Hans Schultes III, Damianus  Krauwinckel, Egidius Krauwinckel, Kilian Koch, Hans Krauwinckel I, Hans Krauwinckel II, Wolf Lauffer I, Hans Lauffer I, Matthaus Lauffer, Wolf Lauffer II, Wolf Lauffer III

Venus Penny (c. 1540s-1580s)

Obv. ‘Venus’ standing, holding various items

Rev. Quartered shield of arms

Makers include:

Anonymous, Georg Schultes, Hans Schultes I, Hans Schultes II, Damianus Krauwinckel, Egidius Krauwinckel, Kilian Koch

Rechenmeister (c. 1550s - 1590s)

Obv. Rechenmeister seated facing, at his counting table

Rev. Alphabet arranged in lines (unframed, square frame, circular frame)

Makers include:

Anonymous, Hans Schultes I, Hans Schultes II, Egidius Krauwinckel, Hans Krauwinckel I, Wolf Lauffer I

Turbaned Bust (early 17th century)

Obv. Male bust right, wearing a turban

Rev. Imperial orb within a tressure of three arches and three angles

Makers include:

Hans Schultes III

Mercury Bust (early to mid 17th century)

Obv. Bust of Mercury wearing a winged helmet

Rev. Imperial orb within a tressure of three arches and three angles

Makers include:

Anonymous, Hans Schultes III, Hans Krauwinckel II, Matthaus Lauffer, Wolf Lauffer II, Conrad Lauffer

French Style (late 16th century onwards)

Obv. The bust of a French monarch, similar to those on contemporary coins

Rev. A shield of arms or other device usually based on contemporary coins

Makers include:

Wolf Lauffer I, Wolf Lauffer II, Wolf Lauffer III, Conrad Lauffer, Cornelius Lauffer, Lazarus Gottlieb Lauffer, Hans (Iohann) Weidinger, Iohann Friedrich Weidinger

English Style (mid 17th century onwards)

Obv. The bust or other depiction of an English monarch, often similar to those on contemporary coins

Rev. A shield of arms or other device usually based on contemporary coins

Makers include:

Conrad Lauffer, Cornelius Lauffer, Lazarus Gottlieb Lauffer, Hans (Iohann) Weidinger, Iohann Friedrich Weidinger