Early Edwardian Pennies

Revision History

19 Jan 2012
Original version (published on UKDFD website).
05 Oct 2017
Added to this website, reformatted, some revised text and new images.
09 Dec 2017
Drawing of Type 15d Reading penny added to Mints section.
25 Oct 2019
New image of Type 6b London penny added to Classification section.
26 Oct 2019
New image of Type 7a London penny added to Classification section.
08 Dec 2019
Single images for Type 5b, 6b and 7a replaced with sliding galleries. Descriptions slightly modified in some cases. Reference to sliding galleries added to the Introduction. New image of Type 5b London penny added to Classification section.
09 Dec 2019
Single image for Type 4e replaced with sliding gallery. Description of 4e slightly modified.

12 Dec 2019

Single image for Type 3g replaced with sliding gallery. Description of 3g slightly modified. Description of 4e clarified.

15 Dec 2019

Single image for Type 4a replaced with sliding gallery. Description of 4a completely rewritten. 4a Note added to Group 4 page.

20 Dec 2019

Single image for Type 4b replaced with sliding gallery. Description of 4b modified accordingly. Additional Type 4e image added to sliding gallery and description modified accordingly. Image for Type 10ab5 improved.

24 Dec 2019

Single image for type 4c replaced with sliding gallery and additional image.

01 Jan 2020

References to the form of letter C in Groups 3-6 changed from 'round' to 'open' or 'closed', as applicable. Example of Bury Type 5b added to sliding gallery.

15 Jan 2020

Single image for type 10cf3 replaced with sliding gallery and separate images for 10cf3a and 10cf3b.

16 Jan 2020

Single image for type 10cf2 replaced with sliding gallery and separate images for 10cf2a and 10cf2b.

17 Jan 2020

Single image for type 10cf4 replaced with sliding gallery of two images. 10cf1 image reprocessed.

28 Feb 2020

Single image for type 3f replaced with sliding gallery of two images (London and Bristol).

07 Mar 2020

Single image for type 11a replaced with sliding gallery of three images illustrating varieties 11a1, 11a2 and 11a3.

Single image for type 11b replaced with sliding gallery of three images illustrating varieties 11b1, 11b2 and 11b3.

09 Mar 2020

11a3 Bury image added to 11a sliding gallery. 

10 Mar 2020

Image of 11d penny replaced with better preserved example from same dies.

13 Mar 2020

Description of type 11b2 revised for clarification. 11a-c note added to foot of Group 11 page. Image of Type 11b1 replaced.

18 Apr 2020

Single image for type 10cf1 replaced with sliding gallery of three images illustrating early trial coins with variant obverse legends. Description of type 10cf1 updated accordingly.

25 Apr 2020

Description for type 2b modified and general note for group 2 expanded.

16 May 2020

Single image for type 9a1 replaced with sliding gallery of two images to illustrate use of cross moline reverse initial mark on Durham coins. Single images for types 9b1 and 9b2 replaced with sliding galleries to illustrate a Durham coin of type 9b struck from local dies. Note regarding Durham coins struck from local dies added to foot of Group 9 page. North's 1984 BNJ paper added to Bibliography page.

17 May 2020

Single image for type 3e replaced with sliding gallery of four images. 3e Durham, Newcastle and York (ecclesiastical) coins added to gallery. Single image for type 9a2 replaced with sliding gallery of two images. 9a2 Bury coin added to gallery.

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