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Short Cross Pennies

Class 6

Class 6a1 (c.1210-c.1213) - Spink 1353; North 974/1

Coins of class 6a1 are similar to those of 5c, but the letter X of REX now has straight limbs that do not cross at right angles. The pearls in the crown-band tend to be smaller than those of class 5c, and the diameter of the obverse inner circle tends to be noticeably smaller. The hair consists of two ringlets each side of the head.


Mints: Durham(?), London

6a1 London.jpg

Class 6a2 (c.1210-c.1213) - Spink 1353; North 974/2

Coins of class 6a2 are closely similar to those of 6a1, but the letter X now has short round-ended limbs that cross at right angles. (This form of the letter continues to be used through to class 7c3.)


Mints: Durham, London

6a2 London.jpg

Class 6b1 (c.1213-c.1215) - Spink 1354; North 975/1

Coins of class 6b1 have a coarser bust with beard whiskers that tend to spread out radially rather than more vertically, as in preceding classes. The hair curls continue to be depicted as two ringlets either side of the head. The lettering is becoming coarse and tall. The X remains as for class 6a2.


Mints: London

6b1 London.jpg

Class 6b2 (c.1213-c.1215) - Spink 1354; North 975/2

Class 6b2 coins have an elongated oblong bust, often of unnatural proportions. The nose is often thin with external nostrils depicted by small pellets. The lettering is coarse and tall. The hair curls continue to be depicted as two ringlets either side of the head.


Mints: Canterbury, London

6b2 London.jpg

Class 6c1 (c.1215-c.1216) - Spink 1355; North 976/1

Coins of class 6c1 have a narrow triangular bust, often of unnatural proportions. The nose often has external nostrils depicted by small pellets. The lettering is coarse and tall. The hair curls continue to be depicted as two ringlets either side of the head.


Mints: Bury, Canterbury, London

6c1 Canterbury.jpg

Class 6c2 (c.1216-c.1217) - Spink 1355A; North 976/2

Coins of class 6c2 are easily distinguished from their immediate predecessors, as the number of hair curls is now three each side of the head. They are distinguishable from their successors by having one or more ornamental letters in both obverse and reverse legends.


Mints: Bury, Canterbury, London

6c2 London.jpg

Class 6c3 (c.1217) - Spink 1355; North 976/3

Coins of class 6c3 are similar to those of 6c2 in respect of the 3/3 hair curls, but they have no ornamental letters. They are often found muled with class 6c2 either as 6c2/6c3 or as 6c3/6c2, and occasionally with 6d as 6c3/6d or 6d/6c3.


Mints: Bury, Canterbury, London, Winchester, York

6c3 London.jpg

Class 6d ((1217/18) - Spink 1355C; North 977

Coins of class 6d have new lettering with tall slender uprights, and at least one N is pellet-barred. Usually a large bust with three (rarely two) hair ringlets either side. Mules of 6c3/6d, 6d/6c3, 6d/7a and 7a/6d occur.


Mints: Bury, Canterbury, London

6d Bury.jpg

Class 6x (1215/16) - Spink 1355B; North 976/4

Coins of class 6x have a large head with two hair ringlets each side. The king's title is divided thus RE/X by the sceptre, the only instance of this in the whole of class 6. The X also has longer limbs than are found elsewhere within class 6. Mules of class 6c1/6x are known.


Mints: Canterbury

6x Canterbury.jpg