Early Edwardian Pennies

Group 11

Type 11a (1310 - 1314) - Spink 1455; North 1060/1-3

Coins of type 11a are identifiable by a combination of the group 11 crown (broken left ornament, toadstool-shaped right ornament, sharply hooked right side-fleur with thin stalk) and the letters C and E, which are (with a few exceptions) round-backed. The type is sub-divided into 11a1 (1st gallery image), which has the small lettering of late group 10, including the stub-tailed R and squat A, and sometimes a top-tilted S, 11a2 (2nd gallery image), which has larger lettering with a scroll-tailed R and neater A, and 11a3 (3rd and 4th gallery images), which has a large open C and E.

King’s name: EDWA, EDWAR
Mints: Bury, Canterbury, Durham, London

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Type 11b (1310 - 1314) - Spink 1456; North 1061/1-3

Coins of type 11b are identifiable by a combination of the group 11 crown (broken left ornament, toadstool-shaped right ornament, sharply hooked right side-fleur with thin stalk) and the letters C and E, which have angular backs. The type is sub-divided into 11b1 (1st gallery image), which, except for C and E, has similar lettering to 11a3, 11b2 (2nd gallery image), which has new narrow lettering, including a distinctive N with incurved uprights and no serifs, and 11b3 (3rd gallery image), which has smaller lettering, including a square N with exaggerated serifs. 

King’s name: EDWA, EDWAR
Mints: Bury, Canterbury, Durham, London

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Type 11c (1310 - 1314) - Spink 1457; North 1062/1

Coins of type 11c are identifiable by a combination of the group 11 crown (broken left ornament, toadstool-shaped right ornament, sharply hooked right side-fleur with thin stalk) and the use of a special form of A (sometimes with a normal A on the same die). The special form of A has a thick, nearly vertical, right limb, a thin slanting left limb, and a top bar that only projects leftwards. It can be seen on the reverse only of the illustrated coin, which is an 11b/11c mule.

King’s name: EDWA, EDWAR
Mints: Bury, Canterbury, Durham, London

Type 11d (1310 - 1314) - Spink -; North 1062/2

Coins of type 11d have the lettering of type 11b, but the crown of type 10cf3 (as illustrated) or 10cf5. Another characteristic of the type is an initial cross consisting of four wedges. Since group 11 is primarily classified by the crown, the label is something of a misnomer, but the form of the lettering and the initial cross place its issue between groups 11 and 13, and it can’t satisfactorily be accommodated elsewhere in the classification structure. The coin illustrated has a reverse of 11c with the special form of letter A.

King’s name: EDWAR
Mints: Canterbury only

edward-ii-11d-penny.jpg

11a-c Note

As noted on the Main Groups page, a few early coins of Type 11 have an unbroken left ornament. It is also the case that repairs to the broken ornament are apparent on a few dies. In these cases a small separate punch has been used to overstamp the broken ornament after impressing the die with the damaged crown punch.

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